Home » Phin Upham » Recent Articles:

Emerging Research in Science and Technology: Patterns of New Knowledge Development

February 2, 2012 Technology Comments Off

By Phin Upham and Henry Small

Abstract

Research fronts represent the most dynamic areas of science and technology and the areas that attract the most scientific interest. We construct a methodology to identify these fronts, and we use quantitative and qualitative methodology to analyze and describe them. Our methodology is able to identify these fronts as they form—with potential use by firms, venture capitalists, researchers, and governments looking to identify emerging high-impact technologies. We also examine how science and technology absorbs the knowledge developed in these fronts and find that fronts which maximize impact have very different characteristics than fronts which maximize growth, with consequences for the way science develops over time.

Introduction
Areas of scientific research that generate intense interest from other scientists tend to be perceived as the most promising (Braam et al. 1988, Hirschman 1970), are particularly well funded (Boyack and Borner 2003), and are more likely to result in commercial discoveries (Narin et al, 1997; Trajtenberg 1990). In this paper we study small clusters of highly cited research, called “research fronts.” We work to provide quantitative and qualitative support for continued, focused study of these areas as important for understanding the development of science and technology more broadly. These areas of intensive work are interesting to R&D laboratories looking for future innovation breakthroughs, venture capitalists looking to allocate investment, governments interested in promoting emerging science, and researchers hoping to work on promising topics.
The long term goal of this work is to develop a robust and efficient methodology for identifying and tracking highly cited research areas at the micro-speciality level. This includes detecting them as they emerge and understanding the role these fronts play in the development of science and technology. The broad requirement of this methodology is that it does not presuppose the existence of any specific research area, such as would be required in a traditional literature-searching approach, nor any prior knowledge about the scientific area, but instead relies on an objective, comprehensive monitoring of citations. It should be possible to increase or decrease the sensitivity of the detection by adjusting parameters and make direct comparisons of different time slices. In addition, the method should be multidisciplinary and utilize field normalization to obtain a systematic view across different disciplines. The scope should be scalable from the micro-structure to the macro-structure of science to see the context of the innovation. Finally, the method should capture both social aspects and the topical content of scientific areas.

Full paper available here

Read more articles by Phin Upham

Emerging Research in Science and Technology: Patterns of New Knowledge Development

January 10, 2012 Phin Upham, Science, Technology Comments Off

By Phin Upham & Henry Small

Abstract:

Research fronts represent the most dynamic areas of science and technology and the areas that attract the most scientific interest. We construct a methodology to identify these fronts, and we use quantitative and qualitative methodology to analyze and describe them. Our methodology is able to identify these fronts as they form—with potential use by firms, venture capitalists, researchers, and governments looking to identify emerging high-impact technologies. We also examine how science and technology absorbs the knowledge developed in these fronts and find that fronts which maximize impact have very different characteristics than fronts which maximize growth, with consequences for the way science develops over time.

[full article: Academiai]

Phin Upham has a PhD in Applied Economics from the Wharton School (University of Pennsylvania). Phin us a Term Member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He can be reached at phin@phinupham.com.

Read more of Phin on his personal website.

Apple loses its lawsuit against Samsung tablets

December 5, 2011 Mobile, News, Phin Upham, Software, Technology Comments Off

A federal judge ruled in Samsung’s favor this week in litigation by Apple that would’ve prevented Samsung from selling it’s popular Samsung Galaxy tablets. Apple claimed that the product line by the South Korean electronics giant was too similar to the iPhone and iPad in appearance, functionality, and packaging and had infringed upon their copyrights.

The lawsuit followed in April, is scheduled for trial sometime next year. The judges ruling on Friday will allow Samsung to sell the devices for the time being.

“Rather than innovate and develop its own technology and a unique Samsung style for its smartphone products and consumer tablets, Samsung chose to copy Apple’s technology, user interface and innovative style in these infringing products,” read Apple’s original suit.

The judge’s decision to allow Samsung to continue to sell their products comes as a result of Apple failing to make a case that the sale of the Galaxy tablet and smartphones had caused “irreparable harm” to the sale of Apple products.

The court also ruled in favor of Samsung as a result of the questionable nature of some of Apple’s technical patents.

This is extremely good news for Samsung, as tablets and smartphones are expected to be among the highest selling items this holiday season, and the Samsung Galaxy is one of the best selling Android tablets.

curated by Phin Upham

Xbox 360 Goes Metro With New Dashboard

November 23, 2011 Software, Technology Comments Off

Microsoft will freshen up the Xbox 360′s dashboard this December, giving it a new look based in the Metro stylings found in Windows Phone and expected in Windows 8. Users will also find new social features, cloud storage, better voice and gesture controls, and Beacon, a service to help organize one’s online gaming.

Microsoft (Nasdaq: MSFT) will release an update to the Xbox 360 dashboard for all Xbox Live members on Dec. 6.

The update is reportedly modeled after Microsoft’s new Metro user interface, which is used for Windows Phones and will be part of Windows 8.

It will offer new personal and social features, cloud storage, Beacons, enhanced family settings, integrated voice and gesture controls across the dashboard and in apps, and Bingvoice search.

Also on Dec. 6, leading app providers will roll out new customized apps for the Xbox 360 in 20 countries.

The Goodies in the Update

The update will support voice and gesture controls across the entire Xbox Dashboard instead of only in the dedicated Kinect hub.

Bing voice search will be offered to users in the United States, the UK and Canada this year, and will be rolled out to users elsewhere later.

Another update is the inclusion of Beacons, a system that will let Xbox 360 owners tell Xbox Live what they want to play. Xbox Live will then let the owners know when their friends are playing that game or want to play it. Beacons will be active in the background while users do other things on their Xbox 360s.

Cloud saving will reportedly be available for Gold members. This will let them transfer saved files to friends’ consoles without going through the “Recover Gamertag” process.

A host of new customized apps for TV, movies, Internet videos, sports and music will be rolled out starting Dec. 6 in more than 20 countries.

[read more: Tech News World]

curated by Phin Upham

China beats U.S. to become the Largest Smartphone Market in Volume

November 23, 2011 Mobile, Technology Comments Off

Although smartphone adoption is at a record high here in the United States, research coming from Strategic Analytics shows that the Chinese market for smartphones is larger than ours. China has now officially pulled ahead of the United States in number of shipped phones.

The numbers were close though. In Q3, the difference was only 1 million units (24 million vs. 23 million units). It is not surprising that China ships the most cell phones in the world considering that they have the most cell phone users in the world.

The numbers from Strategic Analytics also take manufacturers into consideration. In the U.S. the two top manufacturers are Apple and HTC. These two companies account for half of the sales in the country for the quarter. However in China, the two top sellers are Nokia and Samsung.

curated by Phin Upham

RSS Tech Digest World

  • Barnes & Noble Thrusts Nook Into Samsung's Galaxy August 20, 2014
    Barnes & Noble and Samsung on Wednesday jointly announced the Samsung the Galaxy Tab 4 Nook. It is essentially the Samsung Galaxy Tab 4 tablet, rebranded and preloaded with B&N's content. The move immediately sparked a not-quite-favorable comparison to Amazon. "It's an impressive effort, but even if they take a beachhead, they can […]
    Richard Adhikari
  • HTC (M8)s With Microsoft August 20, 2014
    HTC, which in recent years spurned Windows Phone for Android, on Tuesday returned to the Microsoft fold with the launch of a Windows Phone version of its flagship HTC One (M8) smartphone. The HTC One (M8) for Windows debuted as a Verizon Wireless network exclusive. The two-year contract price at Verizon Wireless is $200. AT&T also will carry the phone, b […]
    Richard Adhikari
  • Leaked Moto 360 Specs Impress, Price Point Iffy August 20, 2014
    Specs of the forthcoming Moto 360 smartwatch from Motorola appeared briefly on a Best Buy Web page, sparking increased chatter about the device. Concerns about price -- the watch was listed at $250 -- tempered the usual gasps of delight from geeks. Amazon lists a Samsung Galaxy Gear for $150, a Gear Live for $180, a Gear 2 Neo for $200, a Pebble Steel for $2 […]
    Richard Adhikari
  • The Connected Car, Part 3: No Shortcuts to Security August 19, 2014
    The connected car is becoming a reality, but the gadget-filled roadways it travels will be paved with several options for in-car technologies. These choices pose challenges for carmakers. Whichever technology wins the race, one of the biggest concerns for OEMs is their electronic security. The Linux Foundation wants an open source platform in the pole positi […]
    Jack M. Germain
  • Google Straps On Jetpac to Take Search to New Heights August 19, 2014
    Google has acquired Jetpac, according to a statement that appeared Friday on the Jetpac website. Jetpac is the creator of a handful of apps, including City Guides, which analyzes Instagram photos and then automatically creates guides based on the collected data. That information gives users a lot of search options. Not only can they find coffee shops, for ex […]
    Erika Morphy
  • Mobile App Attacks: No Malware, No Problem August 19, 2014
    Traditional attack methods, like those used with the recent mobile online banking Trojan Svpeng, involve the installation of malware on the device to steal information and commit fraud. However, new techniques are emerging that would enable an attacker to compromise a device and steal private information from the owner -- for example, the typical copycat app […]
    Elias Manousos
  • Facebook Adds Training Wheels for the Humor-Impaired August 19, 2014
    Facebook has begun labeling some of the satirical news articles that appear in users' news feeds with a tag designed to prevent readers from mistaking the content for genuine news. The social network's "[Satire]" tag is apparently part of an experiment that's been under way for a month or so. The rules for its application don't […]
    Katherine Noyes
  • Hotel's Robotic Butler Is Not Quite 'Rosie' August 18, 2014
    Aloft Hotels this week announced the launch of a new, robotic "butler" at the company's Cupertino, Calif., location. Dubbed "A.L.O.," the new botlr, or robotic butler, is designed to help the hotel's human staff by delivering amenities to guest rooms. A.L.O. comes professionally "dressed" in a custom shrink-wrapped, vi […]
    Katherine Noyes

RSS Tech Crunch

  • Uber API Terms Bar Developers From Working With Competing Services August 21, 2014
     So a quick side note that wasn’t really mentioned in the coverage around Uber’s big API announcement this morning: The on-demand transportation company will keep developers who are interested in using its API from integrating with other ground transportation services as well. Read More […]
    Ryan Lawler
  • Startup Marketing And How Emotion Drives Customer Action August 21, 2014
     Put down the calculator and ignore the data for a second. Contrary to popular belief, startup marketing is not all about quantitative metrics and growth hacking. It’s time to start mapping out what creates a connection between you and your customer. Specifically, I am talking about driving customer actions by leveraging human emotion through the art of stor […]
    Kobie Fuller
  • 12 Questions With The CEO Of Thumbtack, Google Capital’s New $100 Million Bet August 21, 2014
     In terms of Silicon Valley hype, Thumbtack has flown a bit under the radar since it was founded five years ago in 2009. But with the announcement today that it’s landed a whopping $100 million investment led by Google Capital, Thumbtack’s days of relative tech press anonymity are almost certainly over. For the uninitiated, Thumbtack is an online marketplace […]
    Colleen Taylor
  • Sony Doesn’t Know Why The PS4 Is Doing Well August 21, 2014
     Earlier this month, Sony announced that it has already sold 10 million units of its PlayStation 4 game console since its launch last November, a record-setting figure for the company’s hardware. In an interview with Eurogamer published yesterday, SCE Worldwide Studios President Shuhei Yoshida admitted that the company doesn’t really know why its console is […]
    Kyle Russell
  • Suits Optional As New Digital Team Moves Into The West Wing August 21, 2014
     Mikey Dickerson, the engineer credited with saving the botched rollout of HealthCare.gov, moved into the White House earlier this month to lead the new U.S. Digital Service (USDS). But just because he’s working a few steps from the Oval Office, Dickerson said he won’t be changing his style. “People are putting up with me walking around [Executive Office Bui […]
    Cat Zakrzewski
  • A Second Act For The Internet Of Things August 20, 2014
     For the last few years there has been a lot of talk in the venture capital industry about automating the home and leveraging Internet-enabled devices for various functions in manufacturing and the traditional workplace. The first wave of this was the use of the smartphone as a remote control, like the Nest’s ability to allow consumers to control their therm […]
    David Hirsch
  • HP Slips After Reporting Better-Than-Expected Fiscal Q3 Revenue August 20, 2014
     HP shares are off nearly 1 percent in after-hours trading despite posting better-than-expected fiscal third-quarter revenue, and in-line earnings per share. In its fiscal third, HP had revenue of $27.585 billion, ahead of an expected tally of $27.01 billion. The company earned $0.89 per share on a non-GAAP basis, matching expectations precisely. On a GAAP b […]
    Alex Wilhelm
  • Move Over, Uber, SF Residents Can “Yo” A Smart Car To Take Them Anywhere They Want Tomorrow August 20, 2014
     A very gimmicky Mercedes-Benz campaign hopes to tap into the SF tech millennial market tomorrow by offering free rides in its smart electric vehicles to anyone who sends them a “Yo.” Starting at noon on August 21, smart will place pop-up signs at two outdoor locations in San Francisco – one in the Mission and one in SoMa. Anyone who reads the sign and then […]
    Sarah Buhr
  • Incubated: How Amplify.LA Helps LA-Based Startups Grow August 20, 2014
     Amplify.LA was founded to help grow the number of seed-stage startups in Los Angeles, by launching an accelerator and coworking space. Since then, it’s been home to a host of companies that rotate in and out of its offices in the heart of Venice, Calif. Read More […]
    Ryan Lawler
  • Despite FAA Setbacks, Amazon Prime Air Makes Notable Engineering, NASA And Aerospace Hires August 20, 2014
     Something big is going on with Amazon Prime Air, the e-commerce giant’s research project focused on delivering packages in 30 minutes or less using unmanned drones. And it’s not the dubious story about drone testing in India, which frankly, doesn’t pass the sniff test in terms of accuracy. Prime Air is shaping up to be more than a marketing stunt, it seems. […]
    Sarah Perez

ABOUT US

The Tech Rundown is news curator and information aggregator. The content is curated by several editors and a vast social network built around great tech stories.

The Tech Rundown publishes original articles by some of the most accomplished tech writers working today, at lengths that allow them to be read in a single sitting. Featured articles typically range between 10,000 and 35,000 words and are available in digital form, with select titles also available as audio or print-on-demand books. They tackle compelling stories across the wide world of tech and tech-related news.

Readers can quickly discover, share, and discuss stories on The Tech Rundown with a community of fellow readers, gadget heads, and news junkies. The Tech Rundown also acts as a platform for up and coming tech writers, enabling them to connect directly with their audience.

The Tech Rundown - Covering Tech All Day and All Night