Home » Phin Upham » Recent Articles:

Emerging Research in Science and Technology: Patterns of New Knowledge Development

February 2, 2012 Technology Comments Off

By Phin Upham and Henry Small

Abstract

Research fronts represent the most dynamic areas of science and technology and the areas that attract the most scientific interest. We construct a methodology to identify these fronts, and we use quantitative and qualitative methodology to analyze and describe them. Our methodology is able to identify these fronts as they form—with potential use by firms, venture capitalists, researchers, and governments looking to identify emerging high-impact technologies. We also examine how science and technology absorbs the knowledge developed in these fronts and find that fronts which maximize impact have very different characteristics than fronts which maximize growth, with consequences for the way science develops over time.

Introduction
Areas of scientific research that generate intense interest from other scientists tend to be perceived as the most promising (Braam et al. 1988, Hirschman 1970), are particularly well funded (Boyack and Borner 2003), and are more likely to result in commercial discoveries (Narin et al, 1997; Trajtenberg 1990). In this paper we study small clusters of highly cited research, called “research fronts.” We work to provide quantitative and qualitative support for continued, focused study of these areas as important for understanding the development of science and technology more broadly. These areas of intensive work are interesting to R&D laboratories looking for future innovation breakthroughs, venture capitalists looking to allocate investment, governments interested in promoting emerging science, and researchers hoping to work on promising topics.
The long term goal of this work is to develop a robust and efficient methodology for identifying and tracking highly cited research areas at the micro-speciality level. This includes detecting them as they emerge and understanding the role these fronts play in the development of science and technology. The broad requirement of this methodology is that it does not presuppose the existence of any specific research area, such as would be required in a traditional literature-searching approach, nor any prior knowledge about the scientific area, but instead relies on an objective, comprehensive monitoring of citations. It should be possible to increase or decrease the sensitivity of the detection by adjusting parameters and make direct comparisons of different time slices. In addition, the method should be multidisciplinary and utilize field normalization to obtain a systematic view across different disciplines. The scope should be scalable from the micro-structure to the macro-structure of science to see the context of the innovation. Finally, the method should capture both social aspects and the topical content of scientific areas.

Full paper available here

Read more articles by Phin Upham

Emerging Research in Science and Technology: Patterns of New Knowledge Development

January 10, 2012 Phin Upham, Science, Technology Comments Off

By Phin Upham & Henry Small

Abstract:

Research fronts represent the most dynamic areas of science and technology and the areas that attract the most scientific interest. We construct a methodology to identify these fronts, and we use quantitative and qualitative methodology to analyze and describe them. Our methodology is able to identify these fronts as they form—with potential use by firms, venture capitalists, researchers, and governments looking to identify emerging high-impact technologies. We also examine how science and technology absorbs the knowledge developed in these fronts and find that fronts which maximize impact have very different characteristics than fronts which maximize growth, with consequences for the way science develops over time.

[full article: Academiai]

Phin Upham has a PhD in Applied Economics from the Wharton School (University of Pennsylvania). Phin us a Term Member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He can be reached at phin@phinupham.com.

Read more of Phin on his personal website.

Apple loses its lawsuit against Samsung tablets

December 5, 2011 Mobile, News, Phin Upham, Software, Technology Comments Off

A federal judge ruled in Samsung’s favor this week in litigation by Apple that would’ve prevented Samsung from selling it’s popular Samsung Galaxy tablets. Apple claimed that the product line by the South Korean electronics giant was too similar to the iPhone and iPad in appearance, functionality, and packaging and had infringed upon their copyrights.

The lawsuit followed in April, is scheduled for trial sometime next year. The judges ruling on Friday will allow Samsung to sell the devices for the time being.

“Rather than innovate and develop its own technology and a unique Samsung style for its smartphone products and consumer tablets, Samsung chose to copy Apple’s technology, user interface and innovative style in these infringing products,” read Apple’s original suit.

The judge’s decision to allow Samsung to continue to sell their products comes as a result of Apple failing to make a case that the sale of the Galaxy tablet and smartphones had caused “irreparable harm” to the sale of Apple products.

The court also ruled in favor of Samsung as a result of the questionable nature of some of Apple’s technical patents.

This is extremely good news for Samsung, as tablets and smartphones are expected to be among the highest selling items this holiday season, and the Samsung Galaxy is one of the best selling Android tablets.

curated by Phin Upham

Xbox 360 Goes Metro With New Dashboard

November 23, 2011 Software, Technology Comments Off

Microsoft will freshen up the Xbox 360′s dashboard this December, giving it a new look based in the Metro stylings found in Windows Phone and expected in Windows 8. Users will also find new social features, cloud storage, better voice and gesture controls, and Beacon, a service to help organize one’s online gaming.

Microsoft (Nasdaq: MSFT) will release an update to the Xbox 360 dashboard for all Xbox Live members on Dec. 6.

The update is reportedly modeled after Microsoft’s new Metro user interface, which is used for Windows Phones and will be part of Windows 8.

It will offer new personal and social features, cloud storage, Beacons, enhanced family settings, integrated voice and gesture controls across the dashboard and in apps, and Bingvoice search.

Also on Dec. 6, leading app providers will roll out new customized apps for the Xbox 360 in 20 countries.

The Goodies in the Update

The update will support voice and gesture controls across the entire Xbox Dashboard instead of only in the dedicated Kinect hub.

Bing voice search will be offered to users in the United States, the UK and Canada this year, and will be rolled out to users elsewhere later.

Another update is the inclusion of Beacons, a system that will let Xbox 360 owners tell Xbox Live what they want to play. Xbox Live will then let the owners know when their friends are playing that game or want to play it. Beacons will be active in the background while users do other things on their Xbox 360s.

Cloud saving will reportedly be available for Gold members. This will let them transfer saved files to friends’ consoles without going through the “Recover Gamertag” process.

A host of new customized apps for TV, movies, Internet videos, sports and music will be rolled out starting Dec. 6 in more than 20 countries.

[read more: Tech News World]

curated by Phin Upham

China beats U.S. to become the Largest Smartphone Market in Volume

November 23, 2011 Mobile, Technology Comments Off

Although smartphone adoption is at a record high here in the United States, research coming from Strategic Analytics shows that the Chinese market for smartphones is larger than ours. China has now officially pulled ahead of the United States in number of shipped phones.

The numbers were close though. In Q3, the difference was only 1 million units (24 million vs. 23 million units). It is not surprising that China ships the most cell phones in the world considering that they have the most cell phone users in the world.

The numbers from Strategic Analytics also take manufacturers into consideration. In the U.S. the two top manufacturers are Apple and HTC. These two companies account for half of the sales in the country for the quarter. However in China, the two top sellers are Nokia and Samsung.

curated by Phin Upham

RSS Tech Digest World

  • NASA and Google Do the Tango April 18, 2014
    Google's Project Tango smartphone, which is jam-packed with sensors, soon will be used in the International Space Station. NASA will swap out the smartphones it has used on two volleyball-sized free-flying satellites since 2011 with the Tango devices. NASA has flown modified Tango phones several times on an aircraft that can simulate microgravity by tak […]
    Richard Adhikari
  • Google This: Yahoo Wants Apple's Search Business April 18, 2014
    Google has dominated the world of search for years, so much so that "Google" is not only synonymous with searching -- it's a verb, too. Who hasn't told someone to google something? That's awesome mindshare, and its power is translated to billions of dollars of ad-related revenue for Google. Where will search grow in the future? Mobil […]
    Chris Maxcer
  • German Media Mogul Rips Google in Open Letter April 18, 2014
    The head of one of Germany's biggest media companies penned an open letter criticizing Google, saying that his company is afraid of Google and its ever-swelling power. The letter, written by Mathias Dopfner, the chief executive of media giant Axel Springer, opines that Google's technology platforms spread more quickly and more efficiently than anyt […]
    David Vranicar
  • Zynga Heads Back to the FarmVille Trough April 18, 2014
    Zynga is once again plowing the furrow of its greatest success with the launch of FarmVille 2: Country Escape. The latest title from the casual gaming studio is a mobile-focused effort. Zynga has launched the game globally on iPhone, iPad and Android devices. FarmVille 2: Country Escape was crafted from the ground up as a new mobile experience. […]
    Kris Holt
  • uGet Gives Great Downloads April 18, 2014
    The latest version of the uGet Download Manager rekindled my interest in grabbing files without relying on a Web browser. uGet version 1.10.4. was released last month. Written in C, it uses GTK+3 for its user interface, and it is packed full with improvements. It is very reliable and stable, with 11 years of growth behind it. The uGet website has received a […]
    Jack M. Germain
  • Americans Find Future Tech Both Fascinating and Frightening April 17, 2014
    The pace of technological change is getting faster, and many Americans are optimistic about the results, although a sizable minority are concerned, Pew Research has found. Nearly 60 percent think technological and scientific advances will make life in the future better, but 30 percent fear they will make life worse than it is today. Designer babies and robot […]
    Richard Adhikari
  • Chinese Company Creates 3D-Printed Houses April 17, 2014
    Shanghai WinSun Decoration Design Engineering, a Shanghai-based company, has created 10 3D-printed houses. Each house reportedly cost less than $5,000 and took less than 24 hours to construct. The printer used to create the homes was about 100 feet long, 33 feet wide and more than 20 feet tall. The "ink" was made from high-grade cement and glass fi […]
    David Vranicar
  • E-Book Self-Publishing: Brave New Words April 17, 2014
    Mark and Lesleyann Coker wrote a novel, Boob Tube, based on her experiences as a soap opera reporter. They found an agent, who shopped it around to traditional publishers to no avail. Rather than give up, however, they decided to start their own e-book publishing company, Smashwords. "That experience really opened my eyes to how publishing works," […]
    Vivian Wagner
  • Smartphone Kill Switch Gets Breath of Life April 16, 2014
    CTIA and major mobile manufacturers, providers and operating system makers have entered a voluntary agreement to include antitheft measures in smartphones. The security and safety of mobile users is the top priority for the industry, according to CTIA, and the agreement is intended to protect consumers from smartphone theft while providing companies' wi […]
    Kris Holt
  • Google Mounts $100K Project Ara Dev Challenge April 16, 2014
    Google announced a $100,000 developers' challenge prize on Wednesday, the second day of its Project Ara modular phone developers' conference. The top two runners-up will get all-expenses paid trips for two or three people to the next Ara devcon -- there will be a few more held this year -- and guaranteed hardware for the project, said Project Ara l […]
    Richard Adhikari

RSS Tech Crunch

  • Counterforce Protests Tech Using Tech April 19, 2014
    Rising income inequality is quickly becoming the most prevalent issue of our century, "the defining challenge of our time," according to President Obama. No where is this more acute than in San Francisco, where rents growing at 3 times the national average are squeezing out the lower and middle classes in favor of tech workers who can pay astronomi […]
    Alexia Tsotsis
  • White House Declines To Deport Bieber, Pivots To Immigration Reform In Its Official Response April 18, 2014
     TechCrunch squinted slightly when the White House petition to deport the Canadian Justin Bieber passed the 100,000-signature mark, the minimum threshold to warrant an official response. Read More […]
    Alex Wilhelm
  • 214 Technologies Is Crowdfunding A Smart Doorbell Called Chui April 18, 2014
     "What the heck is a smart doorbell?" That's what my friends asked me any time I mentioned that I'd be meeting with Nezare Chafni and Shaun Moore, co-founders of 214 Technologies. They've developed a product called Chui, which they describe as "the world's most intelligent doorbell." Read More […]
    Anthony Ha
  • Ask A VC: Next World Capital’s Ben Fu On Engineer Recruiting Challenges April 18, 2014
    In this week’s episode of Ask A VC, we hosted Next World Capital’s Ben Fu in the studio to talk about big data, recruiting and more. Fu, who has backed Datameer, Datastax, and Good Data among others, talked about the talent crunch, and the challenges founders face when recruiting engineers, especially in the enterprise world. Check out the video above for mo […]
    Leena Rao
  • CrunchWeek: Airbnb’s $500M Funding, Twitter Gobbles Up Gnip, Instagram’s Swapped Username Scandal April 18, 2014
     It’s Friday, the sun is shining, the birds are chirping, a holiday weekend is ahead, and we’ve got a brand new episode of CrunchWeek for you to watch. What more could you wish for? In today’s show, Leena Rao, Ryan Lawler and I huddled around the big white table to talk about the confirmation that Airbnb has closed on $500 million in a massive new funding ro […]
    Colleen Taylor
  • Raise Now: VC Funding For Startups At Highest Point In More Than A Decade April 18, 2014
     There is a reason it feels like everyone and anyone is raising money at the moment to build a company: They are. According to two studies, capital raised from venture capitalists by growing, private companies is at its highest point since 2001. Read More […]
    Alex Wilhelm
  • Gillmor Gang Live 04.18.14 April 18, 2014
     Gillmor Gang - Danny Sullivan, Dan Farber, Semil Shah, Kevin Marks, Keith Teare, and Steve Gillmor. Live recording session has concluded for today. Read More […]
    Steve Gillmor
  • Canary Smart Home Security Shows Off Its Smartphone App For The First Time April 18, 2014
     Canary has had a big year. After smashing through its Indiegogo campaign goal and picking up an extra $10 million in VC funding, the company is nearly ready to ship its home security product. Due to a couple of hurdles, Canary units won't arrive until "this summer," but to tide us over, the team has given us our first real look at the complem […]
    Jordan Crook
  • Facebook ‘Nearby Friends’ Will Track Your Location History To Target You With Ads April 18, 2014
     Facebook says it’s not using its new Nearby Friends feature to target ads yet, but after I asked why it’s tracking “Location History” it admitted it will eventually use the data for marketing purposes. This morning, the proximity sharing feature began rolling out to iOS users after it’s launch yesterday, and with it I discovered a new “Location History”… Re […]
    Josh Constine
  • In Just A Few Minutes, SpaceX Will Attempt To Launch A Reusable Rocket — Watch Now! (Update: It’s Over) April 18, 2014
     Quick! Tune in! SpaceX is about to attempt something pretty historic: launching a rocket in such a way that much of it can be reused in later launches. If the launch is successful, the rocket will spend a few days cruising to the International Space Station, drop off a bunch of supplies, then a controlled fall will bring it back to earth with a set of exten […]
    Greg Kumparak

ABOUT US

The Tech Rundown is news curator and information aggregator. The content is curated by several editors and a vast social network built around great tech stories.

The Tech Rundown publishes original articles by some of the most accomplished tech writers working today, at lengths that allow them to be read in a single sitting. Featured articles typically range between 10,000 and 35,000 words and are available in digital form, with select titles also available as audio or print-on-demand books. They tackle compelling stories across the wide world of tech and tech-related news.

Readers can quickly discover, share, and discuss stories on The Tech Rundown with a community of fellow readers, gadget heads, and news junkies. The Tech Rundown also acts as a platform for up and coming tech writers, enabling them to connect directly with their audience.

The Tech Rundown - Covering Tech All Day and All Night