Home » Phin Upham » Recent Articles:

Emerging Research in Science and Technology: Patterns of New Knowledge Development

February 2, 2012 Uncategorized Comments Off

By Phin Upham and Henry Small

Abstract

Research fronts represent the most dynamic areas of science and technology and the areas that attract the most scientific interest. We construct a methodology to identify these fronts, and we use quantitative and qualitative methodology to analyze and describe them. Our methodology is able to identify these fronts as they form—with potential use by firms, venture capitalists, researchers, and governments looking to identify emerging high-impact technologies. We also examine how science and technology absorbs the knowledge developed in these fronts and find that fronts which maximize impact have very different characteristics than fronts which maximize growth, with consequences for the way science develops over time.

Introduction
Areas of scientific research that generate intense interest from other scientists tend to be perceived as the most promising (Braam et al. 1988, Hirschman 1970), are particularly well funded (Boyack and Borner 2003), and are more likely to result in commercial discoveries (Narin et al, 1997; Trajtenberg 1990). In this paper we study small clusters of highly cited research, called “research fronts.” We work to provide quantitative and qualitative support for continued, focused study of these areas as important for understanding the development of science and technology more broadly. These areas of intensive work are interesting to R&D laboratories looking for future innovation breakthroughs, venture capitalists looking to allocate investment, governments interested in promoting emerging science, and researchers hoping to work on promising topics.
The long term goal of this work is to develop a robust and efficient methodology for identifying and tracking highly cited research areas at the micro-speciality level. This includes detecting them as they emerge and understanding the role these fronts play in the development of science and technology. The broad requirement of this methodology is that it does not presuppose the existence of any specific research area, such as would be required in a traditional literature-searching approach, nor any prior knowledge about the scientific area, but instead relies on an objective, comprehensive monitoring of citations. It should be possible to increase or decrease the sensitivity of the detection by adjusting parameters and make direct comparisons of different time slices. In addition, the method should be multidisciplinary and utilize field normalization to obtain a systematic view across different disciplines. The scope should be scalable from the micro-structure to the macro-structure of science to see the context of the innovation. Finally, the method should capture both social aspects and the topical content of scientific areas.

Full paper available here

Read more articles by Phin Upham

Emerging Research in Science and Technology: Patterns of New Knowledge Development

January 10, 2012 Uncategorized Comments Off

By Phin Upham & Henry Small

Abstract:

Research fronts represent the most dynamic areas of science and technology and the areas that attract the most scientific interest. We construct a methodology to identify these fronts, and we use quantitative and qualitative methodology to analyze and describe them. Our methodology is able to identify these fronts as they form—with potential use by firms, venture capitalists, researchers, and governments looking to identify emerging high-impact technologies. We also examine how science and technology absorbs the knowledge developed in these fronts and find that fronts which maximize impact have very different characteristics than fronts which maximize growth, with consequences for the way science develops over time.

[full article: Academiai]

Phin Upham has a PhD in Applied Economics from the Wharton School (University of Pennsylvania). Phin us a Term Member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He can be reached at phin@phinupham.com.

Read more of Phin on his personal website.

Apple loses its lawsuit against Samsung tablets

December 5, 2011 Uncategorized Comments Off

A federal judge ruled in Samsung’s favor this week in litigation by Apple that would’ve prevented Samsung from selling it’s popular Samsung Galaxy tablets. Apple claimed that the product line by the South Korean electronics giant was too similar to the iPhone and iPad in appearance, functionality, and packaging and had infringed upon their copyrights.

The lawsuit followed in April, is scheduled for trial sometime next year. The judges ruling on Friday will allow Samsung to sell the devices for the time being.

“Rather than innovate and develop its own technology and a unique Samsung style for its smartphone products and consumer tablets, Samsung chose to copy Apple’s technology, user interface and innovative style in these infringing products,” read Apple’s original suit.

The judge’s decision to allow Samsung to continue to sell their products comes as a result of Apple failing to make a case that the sale of the Galaxy tablet and smartphones had caused “irreparable harm” to the sale of Apple products.

The court also ruled in favor of Samsung as a result of the questionable nature of some of Apple’s technical patents.

This is extremely good news for Samsung, as tablets and smartphones are expected to be among the highest selling items this holiday season, and the Samsung Galaxy is one of the best selling Android tablets.

curated by Phin Upham

Xbox 360 Goes Metro With New Dashboard

November 23, 2011 Uncategorized Comments Off

Microsoft will freshen up the Xbox 360′s dashboard this December, giving it a new look based in the Metro stylings found in Windows Phone and expected in Windows 8. Users will also find new social features, cloud storage, better voice and gesture controls, and Beacon, a service to help organize one’s online gaming.

Microsoft (Nasdaq: MSFT) will release an update to the Xbox 360 dashboard for all Xbox Live members on Dec. 6.

The update is reportedly modeled after Microsoft’s new Metro user interface, which is used for Windows Phones and will be part of Windows 8.

It will offer new personal and social features, cloud storage, Beacons, enhanced family settings, integrated voice and gesture controls across the dashboard and in apps, and Bingvoice search.

Also on Dec. 6, leading app providers will roll out new customized apps for the Xbox 360 in 20 countries.

The Goodies in the Update

The update will support voice and gesture controls across the entire Xbox Dashboard instead of only in the dedicated Kinect hub.

Bing voice search will be offered to users in the United States, the UK and Canada this year, and will be rolled out to users elsewhere later.

Another update is the inclusion of Beacons, a system that will let Xbox 360 owners tell Xbox Live what they want to play. Xbox Live will then let the owners know when their friends are playing that game or want to play it. Beacons will be active in the background while users do other things on their Xbox 360s.

Cloud saving will reportedly be available for Gold members. This will let them transfer saved files to friends’ consoles without going through the “Recover Gamertag” process.

A host of new customized apps for TV, movies, Internet videos, sports and music will be rolled out starting Dec. 6 in more than 20 countries.

[read more: Tech News World]

curated by Phin Upham

China beats U.S. to become the Largest Smartphone Market in Volume

November 23, 2011 Uncategorized Comments Off

Although smartphone adoption is at a record high here in the United States, research coming from Strategic Analytics shows that the Chinese market for smartphones is larger than ours. China has now officially pulled ahead of the United States in number of shipped phones.

The numbers were close though. In Q3, the difference was only 1 million units (24 million vs. 23 million units). It is not surprising that China ships the most cell phones in the world considering that they have the most cell phone users in the world.

The numbers from Strategic Analytics also take manufacturers into consideration. In the U.S. the two top manufacturers are Apple and HTC. These two companies account for half of the sales in the country for the quarter. However in China, the two top sellers are Nokia and Samsung.

curated by Phin Upham

RSS Tech Digest World

  • AI, Robotics Wonks Urge Autonomous Weapons Ban July 28, 2015
    Leading artificial intelligence and robotics experts have issued an open letter arguing against the development of autonomous weapons. Its publication coincides with the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, which ends Friday in Buenos Aires. If any major military power pushes ahead with AI weapon development, a global arms race is […]
    Richard Adhikari
  • Nintendo's Sleep Monitor Is More Than a Dream July 28, 2015
    A patent application published last week has revealed more information about Nintendo's plans to build out its hardware ecosystem with contactless sleep monitoring technology. The device will assess individuals' emotions by using array of microphones and cameras to keep track of the noises and movements they make while getting some shuteye, accordi […]
    Quinten Plummer
  • Super-Scary Android Flaw Found July 28, 2015
    Zimperium on Monday revealed a stunning discovery by researcher Joshua Drake -- a flaw in Android's Stagefright media playback engine that could expose millions of mobile device users to attack without their having done anything. Stagefright, which processes several popular media formats, is implemented in native code -- C++ -- which is more prone to me […]
    Richard Adhikari
  • The Key to Apple Watch Success: Getting Enough Right the First Time July 28, 2015
    I still find wry joy in all the "Apple Watch Tanks" headlines from early July. There are some great gems, like "Apple Watch is a FLOP: Sales of the gadget have fallen by 90 percent since April, report claims" or "Analyst: Apple Watch selling worse than thought." Trouble is, the reports and estimates were based on a tiny slice of […]
    Chris Maxcer
  • What To Do if Your Car Tries to Kill You July 27, 2015
    The scary news last week was that a couple of guys demonstrated they could hack into a Jeep and take control of it. Later, more details came out that suggested you might want to avoid Chrysler cars altogether. The industry appears to be waiting for the first major catastrophic accident before putting resources into fixing this problem at the proper level. […]
    Rob Enderle
  • Gadget Ogling: Gritty Tablets, Wireless Storage Sticks, and Swapped-Out Speakers July 25, 2015
    Dell's Latitude 12 Rugged Tablet is designed for people who work in the field, for the military and explorers, for industrial work and first responders. This system can handle some harsh conditions, including temperatures between -20 and 145 degrees and drops from more than four feet, as well as spills, mud, dirt and sand. It boasts an 11.6-inch screen […]
    Kris Holt
  • Tech Giants Boost Open Source Container Collaboration July 25, 2015
    The Linux Foundation this week announced the Cloud Native Computing Foundation, a consortium dedicated to the development and adoption of common container technologies. CNCF aims to make it easier for businesses to deploy containerized cloud applications oriented to microservices. Open source container-packaged applications are easier to create, manage and d […]
    Jack M. Germain
  • Stephen Hawking Kicks Off $100M Hunt for Alien Intelligence July 24, 2015
    Space fever seems to be catching on. Stephen Hawking and a group of other high-profile space scientists joined with Russian billionaire Yuri Milner this week to announce a new $100 million effort to search for intelligent alien life. The funding will go to the Breakthrough Initiatives' Breakthrough Listen program. Breakthrough Initiatives is a 10-year m […]
    Richard Adhikari
  • Twitch Yanks Player Controls From Flash July 24, 2015
    Game-streaming service Twitch on Thursday joined Apple and other tech companies in swearing off its dependence on Adobe's Flash. The move away from Flash will happen in stages, but Twitch has promised its community that the gradual rollout will advance at a steady pace. Twitch began the transition to the more secure HTML5 and JavaScript by hybridizing i […]
    Quinten Plummer
  • Hackers Take Hijacked Jeep Cherokee for Joyride July 23, 2015
    White-hat hackers Charlie Miller and Chris Valasek remotely took over a Jeep Cherokee, ran its controls, then cut the transmission as it sped at 70 mph along Interstate 64 in an experiment conducted with Wired. They turned on the air conditioning, switched radio channels, turned on the windshield wipers, activated the windshield washer fluid pump, and transm […]
    Richard Adhikari

RSS Tech Crunch

  • This Week On Bullish: Stacey Ferreira’s Call For Optimism July 29, 2015
     Welcome back to Bullish, TechCrunch’s newest show that may or may not be a ruse to force me into a tie every week. This time ’round we invited Stacey Ferreira to drop by HQ to dish on her new book, 2 Billion Under 20, which argues against the idea that the kids these days are useless layabouts. A compendium of stories about younglings in action, Ferreira’s […]
    Alex Wilhelm
  • Vector Plans Developer Platform For It’s ‘Affordable Luxury’ Smart Watch July 29, 2015
     Back in March the Vector — a smart watch with an e-ink LCD screen — made its debut in a number of reviews in the tech press. Of note was the unusual 30 day battery life and a smartphone control app which worked across iOS, Android and Windows phones. What wasn’t elucidated in detail at the time was that the startup not only planned to release an API to deve […]
    Mike Butcher
  • Google Translate’s App Now Instantly Translates Printed Text In 27 Languages July 29, 2015
     One of the most intense experiences you’ll ever have is visiting a country that speaks a language different than yours. There’s a host of tools you can use, but Google’s Translate product has leapfrogged just about everything out there over the years. Its most handy, and impressive, tool is the six-month-old instant translation feature, using the goodies fr […]
    Drew Olanoff
  • Subway Teams Up With PayPal On Mobile Payments July 29, 2015
     Ordering your food or beverages by smartphone and then paying for it via an app is quickly becoming the new normal. Starbucks already allows for this across thousands of its stores in the U.S. Meanwhile, Burger King and Firehouse Subs announced integrations with MasterCard’s MasterPass digital payment solution just this week, and Taco Bell’s own mobile orde […]
    Sarah Perez
  • A Brief History Of Spotify July 29, 2015
     With over 75 million users, it’s hard to remember a time without Spotify. But there was. A time when we were all mulling the aisles of Target for new CDs. A time in our lives where we all became thieves on Napster. A time when iTunes forced us to buy songs for $2/piece. And then came Spotify. Read More […]
    Jordan Crook,Fitz Tepper
  • VR Chat Room Altspace Raises $10.3M To Sell Virtual Events July 29, 2015
     Pay-Per-Virtual Reality could become a…thing thanks to Altspace. The VR chat room and communication platform just raised a $10.3 million Series A to give us a digital place where we can hang out. But with this funding that brings Altspace to $15.7 million total comes a need to devise a business plan. While Altspace is focused on growth now, its co-founder a […]
    Josh Constine
  • Occipital Raises $13M Series B For Its Computer Vision Platform July 29, 2015
     Occipital made its first splash years ago with the RedLaser barcode scanning app and 360 Panorama app. Since then, however, it has moved into the 3D scanning and computer vision space and the company today announced that it has raised a $13 million Series B round from Intel Capital, Shea Ventures, Grishin Robotics and previous investor Foundry Group. This n […]
    Frederic Lardinois
  • Nintendo Ekes Out $9M Profit As Wii U Sales Cross 10M To Date July 29, 2015
     It’s earnings day at Nintendo, and the Japanese company surprised watchers by eking out a unexpected, and albeit meagre, $8.9 million profit for its most recent quarter of business. Read More […]
    Jon Russell
  • Smart Spreadsheet Service Blockspring Raises $3.4 Million July 29, 2015
     Blockspring, a service that connects to spreadsheets like Excel and Google Spreadsheets to easier import data, said it has raised $3.4 million. Instead of having to write specific code to import and sort data in a spreadsheet, Blockspring has several connections to services like Bing Search that will automatically populate spreadsheets with data. The compan […]
    Matthew Lynley
  • Little, A Hyperlocal Deals Service For India, Launches With $50M In Funding July 29, 2015
     A collection of India’s top entrepreneurs are pooling their resources to a launch a new marketplace that connects consumers with physical retailers via their smartphone. Read More […]
    Jon Russell

ABOUT US

The Tech Rundown is news curator and information aggregator. The content is curated by several editors and a vast social network built around great tech stories.

The Tech Rundown publishes original articles by some of the most accomplished tech writers working today, at lengths that allow them to be read in a single sitting. Featured articles typically range between 10,000 and 35,000 words and are available in digital form, with select titles also available as audio or print-on-demand books. They tackle compelling stories across the wide world of tech and tech-related news.

Readers can quickly discover, share, and discuss stories on The Tech Rundown with a community of fellow readers, gadget heads, and news junkies. The Tech Rundown also acts as a platform for up and coming tech writers, enabling them to connect directly with their audience.

The Tech Rundown - Covering Tech All Day and All Night