Home » Phin Upham » Recent Articles:

Emerging Research in Science and Technology: Patterns of New Knowledge Development

February 2, 2012 Technology Comments Off

By Phin Upham and Henry Small

Abstract

Research fronts represent the most dynamic areas of science and technology and the areas that attract the most scientific interest. We construct a methodology to identify these fronts, and we use quantitative and qualitative methodology to analyze and describe them. Our methodology is able to identify these fronts as they form—with potential use by firms, venture capitalists, researchers, and governments looking to identify emerging high-impact technologies. We also examine how science and technology absorbs the knowledge developed in these fronts and find that fronts which maximize impact have very different characteristics than fronts which maximize growth, with consequences for the way science develops over time.

Introduction
Areas of scientific research that generate intense interest from other scientists tend to be perceived as the most promising (Braam et al. 1988, Hirschman 1970), are particularly well funded (Boyack and Borner 2003), and are more likely to result in commercial discoveries (Narin et al, 1997; Trajtenberg 1990). In this paper we study small clusters of highly cited research, called “research fronts.” We work to provide quantitative and qualitative support for continued, focused study of these areas as important for understanding the development of science and technology more broadly. These areas of intensive work are interesting to R&D laboratories looking for future innovation breakthroughs, venture capitalists looking to allocate investment, governments interested in promoting emerging science, and researchers hoping to work on promising topics.
The long term goal of this work is to develop a robust and efficient methodology for identifying and tracking highly cited research areas at the micro-speciality level. This includes detecting them as they emerge and understanding the role these fronts play in the development of science and technology. The broad requirement of this methodology is that it does not presuppose the existence of any specific research area, such as would be required in a traditional literature-searching approach, nor any prior knowledge about the scientific area, but instead relies on an objective, comprehensive monitoring of citations. It should be possible to increase or decrease the sensitivity of the detection by adjusting parameters and make direct comparisons of different time slices. In addition, the method should be multidisciplinary and utilize field normalization to obtain a systematic view across different disciplines. The scope should be scalable from the micro-structure to the macro-structure of science to see the context of the innovation. Finally, the method should capture both social aspects and the topical content of scientific areas.

Full paper available here

Read more articles by Phin Upham

Emerging Research in Science and Technology: Patterns of New Knowledge Development

January 10, 2012 Phin Upham, Science, Technology Comments Off

By Phin Upham & Henry Small

Abstract:

Research fronts represent the most dynamic areas of science and technology and the areas that attract the most scientific interest. We construct a methodology to identify these fronts, and we use quantitative and qualitative methodology to analyze and describe them. Our methodology is able to identify these fronts as they form—with potential use by firms, venture capitalists, researchers, and governments looking to identify emerging high-impact technologies. We also examine how science and technology absorbs the knowledge developed in these fronts and find that fronts which maximize impact have very different characteristics than fronts which maximize growth, with consequences for the way science develops over time.

[full article: Academiai]

Phin Upham has a PhD in Applied Economics from the Wharton School (University of Pennsylvania). Phin us a Term Member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He can be reached at phin@phinupham.com.

Read more of Phin on his personal website.

Apple loses its lawsuit against Samsung tablets

December 5, 2011 Mobile, News, Phin Upham, Software, Technology Comments Off

A federal judge ruled in Samsung’s favor this week in litigation by Apple that would’ve prevented Samsung from selling it’s popular Samsung Galaxy tablets. Apple claimed that the product line by the South Korean electronics giant was too similar to the iPhone and iPad in appearance, functionality, and packaging and had infringed upon their copyrights.

The lawsuit followed in April, is scheduled for trial sometime next year. The judges ruling on Friday will allow Samsung to sell the devices for the time being.

“Rather than innovate and develop its own technology and a unique Samsung style for its smartphone products and consumer tablets, Samsung chose to copy Apple’s technology, user interface and innovative style in these infringing products,” read Apple’s original suit.

The judge’s decision to allow Samsung to continue to sell their products comes as a result of Apple failing to make a case that the sale of the Galaxy tablet and smartphones had caused “irreparable harm” to the sale of Apple products.

The court also ruled in favor of Samsung as a result of the questionable nature of some of Apple’s technical patents.

This is extremely good news for Samsung, as tablets and smartphones are expected to be among the highest selling items this holiday season, and the Samsung Galaxy is one of the best selling Android tablets.

curated by Phin Upham

Xbox 360 Goes Metro With New Dashboard

November 23, 2011 Software, Technology Comments Off

Microsoft will freshen up the Xbox 360′s dashboard this December, giving it a new look based in the Metro stylings found in Windows Phone and expected in Windows 8. Users will also find new social features, cloud storage, better voice and gesture controls, and Beacon, a service to help organize one’s online gaming.

Microsoft (Nasdaq: MSFT) will release an update to the Xbox 360 dashboard for all Xbox Live members on Dec. 6.

The update is reportedly modeled after Microsoft’s new Metro user interface, which is used for Windows Phones and will be part of Windows 8.

It will offer new personal and social features, cloud storage, Beacons, enhanced family settings, integrated voice and gesture controls across the dashboard and in apps, and Bingvoice search.

Also on Dec. 6, leading app providers will roll out new customized apps for the Xbox 360 in 20 countries.

The Goodies in the Update

The update will support voice and gesture controls across the entire Xbox Dashboard instead of only in the dedicated Kinect hub.

Bing voice search will be offered to users in the United States, the UK and Canada this year, and will be rolled out to users elsewhere later.

Another update is the inclusion of Beacons, a system that will let Xbox 360 owners tell Xbox Live what they want to play. Xbox Live will then let the owners know when their friends are playing that game or want to play it. Beacons will be active in the background while users do other things on their Xbox 360s.

Cloud saving will reportedly be available for Gold members. This will let them transfer saved files to friends’ consoles without going through the “Recover Gamertag” process.

A host of new customized apps for TV, movies, Internet videos, sports and music will be rolled out starting Dec. 6 in more than 20 countries.

[read more: Tech News World]

curated by Phin Upham

China beats U.S. to become the Largest Smartphone Market in Volume

November 23, 2011 Mobile, Technology Comments Off

Although smartphone adoption is at a record high here in the United States, research coming from Strategic Analytics shows that the Chinese market for smartphones is larger than ours. China has now officially pulled ahead of the United States in number of shipped phones.

The numbers were close though. In Q3, the difference was only 1 million units (24 million vs. 23 million units). It is not surprising that China ships the most cell phones in the world considering that they have the most cell phone users in the world.

The numbers from Strategic Analytics also take manufacturers into consideration. In the U.S. the two top manufacturers are Apple and HTC. These two companies account for half of the sales in the country for the quarter. However in China, the two top sellers are Nokia and Samsung.

curated by Phin Upham

RSS Tech Digest World

  • GoPro Whittles Down Hero4 Action Cam July 6, 2015
    GoPro's latest action cam features something the company's fans haven't seen for eight years: a product redesign. The Hero4 Session is a 1-inch cube video camera that weighs just 2.6 ounces -- less than half the heft of an iPhone. Unlike previous GoPro models, you won't need a case to protect it from getting wet. It's designed to wit […]
    John P. Mello Jr.
  • Musk Donates $10 Million to Keep AI From Going Rogue July 6, 2015
    The Future of Life Institute on Monday announced 37 winners of grant funding provided by Elon Musk and the Open Philanthropy Project. Musk contributed $10 million toward the effort. A total of $7 million will be awarded to fund the research teams for up to three years, most starting in September. Another $4 million is available to support research grants for […]
    Peter Suciu
  • Rick Perry and the Texas vs. California Tech War July 6, 2015
    A couple of weeks ago, I was waiting to do a CNBC slot on what to expect from the Apple Watch in Asia -- the entire smartwatch class is having a lot of issues for a variety of reason -- and I ran into Rick Perry, former governor of Texas, as he was coming out of the same studio I was about to enter. For some reason, I thought he was going to be a typical ent […]
    Rob Enderle
  • Microsoft Anchors Minecraft Strategy to Education July 5, 2015
    Microsoft wants to find ways to assist the pioneering teachers who have taught pupils through the sandbox construction game Minecraft. The company earlier this week launched its Minecraft in Education initiative to turn the pioneers into pillars. There was puzzlement over Microsoft's end game last September, when it purchased Mojang, the studio behind t […]
    Quinten Plummer
  • The Tour de France's Tech Transformation July 3, 2015
    The 102nd running of the longest sporting event in the world, the Tour de France, begins Saturday. The race first took place in 1903, and it has continued every year since, except during WWI and WWII. In the 112 years since that first race, the technology utilized by the riders has changed dramatically. Today, the racers ride bikes with frames made of advanc […]
    Peter Suciu
  • FBI Hunts SF Bay Area Fiber-Optic Cable Cutters July 3, 2015
    The FBI for the past year has been on the hunt for people slashing fiber-optic cables throughout the San Francisco Bay Area. The FBI called for the public's assistance in June, after 10 attacks had taken place. The 11th occurred on Tuesday, when someone severed cables used by Wave Broadband. "We have been in consultation with the FBI," said Wa […]
    Richard Adhikari
  • New Android Malware Sprouting Like Weeds July 1, 2015
    Information stored on an Android smartphone or tablet is vulnerable to almost 4,900 new malware files each day, according to a report G Data SecurityLabs released Wednesday. Cybercriminals' interest in the Android operating system has grown, the firm's Q1 2015 Mobile Malware Report revealed. The number of new malware samples in the first quarter in […]
    Jack M. Germain
  • 5 Things the Apple App Store Could Do Better July 1, 2015
    I haven't been thrilled with app discovery on the App Store for years, and while Apple has been tweaking things to make it better, it's pretty easy to enter the iOS App Store, look around, and come to the conclusion that only an infinitesimal fraction of 1.5 million apps must be worthy of showing off -- and unfortunately, Disney's "Palace […]
    Chris Maxcer
  • Faster, Cheaper Fiber Could Rev Up Internet June 30, 2015
    Researchers have found a way to significantly improve the performance of fiber networks, which could lead to benefits for both consumers and Internet service providers. Information in fiber optic cables degrades with the distance it travels. When you try to increase the speed at which the data is traveling by boosting the power in the network, degradation ge […]
    John P. Mello Jr.
  • ISS Cargo Lost in SpaceX Falcon Flameout June 29, 2015
    The SpaceX CRS-7 rocket failed minutes after Sunday's launch, blowing up in mid-air. Just after T+2 minutes, when the craft's altitude was 32 km, its speed was 1 km/second, and its downrange distance was 30 km, its flight path apparently began curving downward. Three explosions then occurred. "There was an overpressure event in the upper stage […]
    Richard Adhikari

RSS Tech Crunch

  • Klok Is A Neat International Clock/Time Zone Conversion Widget For iOS July 7, 2015
     Apple finally allowed developers to create widget apps for iPhone and iPad owners when it released iOS 8. That’s opened up some useful shortcuts and quick options for Apple customers — I’m a big fan of Launcher — one of which is Klok, a widget released today for anyone with a need to keep track of time across the world. Read More […]
    Jon Russell
  • Merienda Picnic Will Deliver A Fully Stocked Picnic In Under An Hour July 7, 2015
     Everyone loves a picnic, but the labor-intensive planning, packing, and cleanup often cause people to rethink their outdoor plans and just head to a nearby restaurant. Merienda Picnic (winner of last week’s TC Radio Pitch-Off), is an on-demand service that will bring you a fully stocked picnic basket in under an hour. Launched in New Orleans, the company cu […]
    Fitz Tepper
  • Join TC In A Three City Polish Meetup Tour July 7, 2015
     If your plan this summer is to rock down to Electric Avenue why not swing by Gdynia, Warsaw, and Krakow first. I will be rolling down Poland holding three exciting meetups in three exciting cities and I want to see you there. We are running the meetups from the July 28th until July 30th. Tickets are free and will sell out FAST so grab them quickly. July 28 […]
    John Biggs
  • SlimPay Grabs $16.6 Million To Build The Definitive Recurring Payment Solution July 7, 2015
     French startup SlimPay just raised $16.6 million (€15 million) from Prime Ventures for its payment processing solution. SlimPay is all about making recurring payments in Europe as easy and seamless as possible. Read More […]
    Romain Dillet
  • Truecaller Wants To Make SMS Smart And Social With New Android Messaging App July 7, 2015
     Truecaller, the company behind the intelligent phone app of the same name which has raised over $80 million, has launched a new service aimed at cutting out spam via SMS. Read More […]
    Jon Russell
  • China’s Mobile Engine Is Slowing, Says Gartner July 7, 2015
     Winter might well be coming for (more) smartphone makers as the sales engine of China shows signs of saturation and slowing growth, according to analyst Gartner. Read More […]
    Natasha Lomas
  • Join Us At Our TC Budapest Pitch-Off On Friday July 7, 2015
     On July 10, 2015 I’ll be rolling into Budapest to hold our first official TechCrunch Pitch Off in the city of my forefathers (my grandfather’s name was actually Nagy!) We’ll be inviting eight startups on stage to compete to win a table at TechCrunch Disrupt or, for second place, two tickets to the event in SF on September 21-23. Here’s the problem: we’re so […]
    John Biggs
  • Zenefits Fires Back At ADP With A Motion To Dismiss “Frivolous” Lawsuit July 7, 2015
     Here we go again. Zenefits, the cloud-based HR software startup now worth billions filed a motion to strike and dismiss what it calls a “frivolous” defamation lawsuit from ADP. Paycheck services provider ADP recently shut off Zenefits access to client information needed to run payroll, claiming the startup was gleaning this information in an unauthorized ma […]
    Sarah Buhr
  • A Most Poignant Board Appointment July 7, 2015
     In her book ‘Lean In,’ Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg implores young women to “make their partner a real partner” or, to make your spouse someone with a vested interest in your success. Sheryl called picking the right significant other the “most important career choice you could make”, and she was right: After all it is much easier to rebound from a stressful […]
    Alexia Tsotsis
  • Ola Ropes In Two Of India’s Highest Profile Businessmen To Battle Uber July 7, 2015
     Ola, the SoftBank-backed rival to Uber in India, has strengthened its position after landing the support of two of India’s most seasoned and influential business figures. Read More […]
    Jon Russell

ABOUT US

The Tech Rundown is news curator and information aggregator. The content is curated by several editors and a vast social network built around great tech stories.

The Tech Rundown publishes original articles by some of the most accomplished tech writers working today, at lengths that allow them to be read in a single sitting. Featured articles typically range between 10,000 and 35,000 words and are available in digital form, with select titles also available as audio or print-on-demand books. They tackle compelling stories across the wide world of tech and tech-related news.

Readers can quickly discover, share, and discuss stories on The Tech Rundown with a community of fellow readers, gadget heads, and news junkies. The Tech Rundown also acts as a platform for up and coming tech writers, enabling them to connect directly with their audience.

The Tech Rundown - Covering Tech All Day and All Night